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TODAY IN HISTORY

on September 29, 2013 12:00 AM

Today is Sunday, Sept. 29, the 272nd day of 2013. There are 93 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Sept. 29, 1789, the U.S. War Department established a regular army with a strength of several hundred men.

On this date:

In 1829, London’s reorganized police force, which became known as Scotland Yard, went on duty.

In 1862, Prussia’s newly appointed minister-president, Otto von Bismarck, delivered a speech to the country’s parliament in which he declared the issue of German unification would be decided “not through speeches and majority decisions” but by “iron and blood (Eisen und Blut).” (Some references give the date of this speech as Sept. 30, 1862.)

In 1907, the foundation stone was laid for the Washington National Cathedral, which wasn’t fully completed until this date in 1990.

In 1912, movie director Michelangelo Antonioni was born in Ferrara, Italy.

In 1938, British, French, German and Italian leaders concluded the Munich Agreement, which was aimed at appeasing Adolf Hitler by allowing Nazi annexation of Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland.

In 1957, the New York Giants played their last game at the Polo Grounds, losing to the Pittsburgh Pirates, 9-1. (The Giants moved to San Francisco.)

In 1978, Pope John Paul I was found dead in his Vatican apartment just over a month after becoming head of the Roman Catholic Church.

In 1982, Extra-Strength Tylenol capsules laced with cyanide claimed the first of seven victims in the Chicago area. (To date, the case remains unsolved.)

In 1986, the Soviet Union released Nicholas Daniloff, an American journalist confined on spying charges.

In 1987, Henry Ford II, longtime chairman of Ford Motor Co., died in Detroit at age 70.

In 2001, President George W. Bush condemned Afghanistan’s Taliban rulers for harboring Osama bin Laden and his followers as the United States pressed its military and diplomatic campaign against terror.

Today’s Birthdays: Actress Lizabeth Scott is 92. Conductor Richard Bonynge is 83. Actress Anita Ekberg is 82. Writer-director Robert Benton is 81. Singer Jerry Lee Lewis is 78. Former Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi is 77. Sen. Bill Nelson, D-Fla., is 71. Actor Ian McShane is 71. Jazz musician Jean-Luc Ponty is 71. Lech Walesa, the former president of Poland, is 70. Television-film composer Mike Post is 69. Actress Patricia Hodge is 67. TV personality Bryant Gumbel is 65. Rock singer-musician Mark Farner is 65. Rock singer-musician Mike Pinera is 65. Country singer Alvin Crow is 63. Actor Drake Hogestyn is 60. Broadcast journalist Gwen Ifill is 58. Former child actor Ken Weatherwax (TV: “The Addams Family”) is 58. Olympic gold medal runner Sebastian Coe is 57. Singer Suzzy Roche (The Roches) is 57. Comedian-actor Andrew “Dice” Clay is 56. Rock singer John Payne (Asia) is 55. Actor Roger Bart is 51. Singer-musician Les Claypool is 50. Actress Jill Whelan is 47. Actor Luke Goss is 45. Rock musician Brad Smith (Blind Melon) is 45. Actress Erika Eleniak is 44. Rhythm-and-blues singer Devante Swing (Jodeci) is 44. Country singer Brad Cotter (“Nashville Star”) is 43. Actress Emily Lloyd is 43. Actress Natasha Gregson Wagner is 43. Actor Alexis Cruz is 39. Actor Zachary Levi is 33. Singer Phillip Phillips is 23.

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