TODAY IN HISTORY
Today is Sunday, April 28, the 118th day of 2013. There are 247 days left in the year.
Today’s Highlight in History:
On April 28, 1788, Maryland became the seventh state to ratify the Constitution of the United States.
On this date:
In 1758, the fifth president of the United States, James Monroe, was born in Westmoreland County, Va.
In 1789, rebelling crew members of the British ship HMS Bounty led by Fletcher Christian set Capt. William Bligh and 18 sailors adrift in a launch in the South Pacific. (Bligh and most of the men with him managed to reach Timor in 47 days.)
In 1817, the United States and Britain signed the Rush-Bagot Treaty, which limited the number of naval vessels allowed in the Great Lakes.
In 1918, Gavrilo Princip, the assassin of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and the archduke’s wife, Sophie, died in prison of tuberculosis.
In 1937, former Iraqi president Saddam Hussein was born in the village of al-Oja near the desert town of Tikrit (he was executed in December 2006).
In 1945, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and his mistress, Clara Petacci, were executed by Italian partisans as they attempted to flee the country.
In 1952, war with Japan officially ended as a treaty signed in San Francisco the year before took effect. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower resigned as Supreme Allied commander in Europe; he was succeeded by Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway.
In 1963, at Broadway’s Tony Awards, “Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?” was named best play while “A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum” won best musical.
In 1967, heavyweight boxing champion Muhammad Ali refused to be inducted into the Army, the same day Gen. William C. Westmoreland told Congress the U.S. “would prevail in Vietnam.”
In 1980, President Jimmy Carter accepted the resignation of Secretary of State Cyrus R. Vance, who had opposed the failed rescue mission aimed at freeing American hostages in Iran. (Vance was succeeded by Edmund Muskie.)
In 1988, a flight attendant was killed and more than 60 persons injured when part of the roof of an Aloha Airlines Boeing 737 tore off during a flight from Hilo to Honolulu.
In 1993, the first “Take Our Daughters to Work Day,” promoted by the New York-based Ms. Foundation, was held in an attempt to boost the self-esteem of girls by having them visit a parent’s place of work. (The event was later expanded to include sons.)
Ten years ago: On Saddam Hussein’s 66th birthday, delegates from inside and outside Iraq agreed to hold a nation-building meeting and fashion a temporary, post-Saddam government.
The Soyuz space capsule carrying a U.S.-Russian space crew docked with the international space station.
Today’s Birthdays: Pulitzer Prize-winning author Harper Lee is 87. Former Secretary of State James A. Baker III is 83. Director-actor Richard C. Sarafian is 83. Actress-singer Ann-Margret is 72. Actress Marcia Strassman is 65. Actor Paul Guilfoyle is 64. “Tonight Show” host Jay Leno is 63. Rock musician Chuck Leavell is 61. Actress Mary McDonnell is 60.
Rock singer-musician Kim Gordon (Sonic Youth) is 60. Rapper Too Short is 47. Actress Simbi Khali is 42. Actress Bridget Moynahan is 42. Actor Chris Young is 42. Rapper Big Gipp is 40. Actor Jorge Garcia is 40. Actress Elisabeth Rohm is 40.
Actress Pen￩lope Cruz is 39. Actor Nate Richert is 35. Actress Jessica Alba is 32. Actor Harry Shum Jr. (TV: “Glee”) is 31. Actress Jenna Ushkowitz (TV: “Glee”) is 27. Actress Aleisha Allen is 22.