TODAY IN HISTORY
Today is Monday, Oct. 14, the 287th day of 2013. There are 78 days left in the year. This is the Columbus Day observance in the United States, as well as Thanksgiving Day in Canada.
Today’s Highlight in History:
On Oct. 14, 1912, former President Theodore Roosevelt, campaigning for the White House as the Progressive candidate, was shot in the chest in Milwaukee by New York saloonkeeper John Schrank. Despite the wound, Roosevelt went ahead with a scheduled speech, declaring, “It takes more than one bullet to kill a bull moose.”
On this date:
In 1066, Normans under William the Conqueror defeated the English at the Battle of Hastings.
In 1586, Mary, Queen of Scots, went on trial in England, accused of committing treason against Queen Elizabeth I. (Mary was beheaded in February 1587.)
In 1890, Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th president of the United States, was born in Denison, Texas.
In 1908, the E.M. Forster novel “A Room With a View” was first published by Edward Arnold of London.
In 1939, a German U-boat torpedoed and sank the HMS Royal Oak, a British battleship anchored at Scapa Flow in Scotland’s Orkney Islands; 833 of the more than 1,200 men aboard were killed.
In 1944, German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel committed suicide rather than face execution for allegedly conspiring against Adolf Hitler.
In 1947, Air Force test pilot Charles E. (“Chuck”) Yeager broke the sound barrier as he flew the experimental Bell XS-1 (later X-1) rocket plane over Muroc Dry Lake in California.
In 1960, Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy suggested the idea of a Peace Corps while addressing an audience of students at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.
In 1961, the Frank Loesser musical “How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying,” starring Robert Morse as J. Pierrepont Finch, opened on Broadway.
In 1964, civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.
In 1977, singer Bing Crosby died outside Madrid at age 74.
In 1987, a 58-hour drama began in Midland, Texas, as 18-month-old Jessica McClure slid 22 feet down an abandoned well at a private day care center; she was rescued on Oct. 16.
Five years ago: Big banks started falling in line behind a revised bailout plan that was fast becoming more of a buy-in; the Bush administration announced it would fork over as much as $250 billion in exchange for partial ownership. A grand jury in Orlando, Fla. returned charges of first-degree murder, aggravated child abuse and aggravated manslaughter against Casey Anthony in the death of her 2-year-old daughter, Caylee. (She was acquitted in July 2011.)
Today’s Birthdays: Actor Roger Moore is 86. Classical pianist Gary Graffman is 85. Movie director Carroll Ballard is 76. Former White House counsel John W. Dean III is 75. Fashion designer Ralph Lauren is 74. Singer Sir Cliff Richard is 73. Actor Udo Kier is 69. Singer-musician Justin Hayward (The Moody Blues) is 67. Actor Harry Anderson is 61. Actor Greg Evigan is 60. TV personality Arleen Sorkin is 58.
World Golf Hall of Famer Beth Daniel is 57. Singer-musician Thomas Dolby is 55. Actress Lori Petty is 50. MLB manager Joe Girardi is 49. Actor Steve Coogan is 48. Singer Karyn White is 48. Actor Edward Kerr is 47. Actor Jon Seda is 43. Country musician Doug Virden is 43. Country singer Natalie Maines (The Dixie Chicks) is 39. Actress-singer Shaznay Lewis (All Saints) is 38. Singer Usher is 35. TV personality Stacy Keibler is 34. Actor Ben Whishaw is 33. Actor Jordan Brower is 32. Actress Skyler Shaye is 27. Actor-comedian Jay Pha-roah (TV: “Saturday Night Live”) is 26.