TODAY IN HISTORY
Today is Tuesday, Nov. 26, the 330th day of 2013. There are 35 days left in the year.
Today’s Highlight in History:
Nov. 26, 1789 was a day of thanksgiving set aside by President Washington to observe the adoption of the Constitution of the United States.
On this date:
In 1825, the first college social fraternity, Kappa Alpha, was formed at Union College in Schenectady, N.Y.
In 1883, former slave and abolitionist Sojourner Truth died in Battle Creek, Mich.
In 1933, a judge in New York decided the James Joyce book “Ulysses” was not obscene and could therefore be published in the United States.
In 1941, U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull delivered a note to Japan’s ambassador to the United States, Kichisaburo Nomura, proposing an agreement for “lasting and extensive peace throughout the Pacific area.” The same day, a Japanese naval task force consisting of six aircraft carriers left the Kuril Islands, headed toward Hawaii.
In 1942, President Roosevelt ordered nationwide gasoline rationing, beginning Dec. 1. The motion picture “Casablanca,” starring Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman, had its world premiere at the Hollywood Theater in New York.
In 1943, during World War II, the HMT Rohna, a British transport ship carrying American soldiers, was hit by a German missile off Algeria; 1,138 men were killed.
In 1949, India adopted a constitution as a republic within the British Commonwealth.
In 1950, China entered the Korean War, launching a counter-offensive against soldiers from the United Nations, the U.S. and South Korea.
In 1973, President Nixon’s personal secretary, Rose Mary Woods, told a federal court that she’d accidentally caused part of the 18 1/2 minute gap in a key Watergate tape.
In 1986, President Ronald Reagan appointed a commission headed by former Senator John Tower to investigate his National Security Council staff in the wake of the Iran-Contra affair.
Ten years ago: Human rights activist Gao Zhan, who was freed from a Chinese prison after the U.S. government interceded on her behalf, pleaded guilty in Alexandria, Va., to illegally selling American high-tech items with potential military uses to China. (Gao later received a reduced sentence of seven months in prison for her cooperation with authorities.) Hard-liners defeated moderates in Northern Ireland’s legislative elections.
Five years ago: Teams of heavily armed gunmen, allegedly from Pakistan, stormed luxury hotels, a popular tourist attraction and a crowded train station in Mumbai, India, leaving at least 166 people dead in a rampage lasting some 60 hours. A Missouri mother on trial in a landmark cyberbullying case was convicted by a federal jury in Los Angeles of three minor offenses for her role in a mean-spirited Internet hoax that apparently drove a 13-year-old girl, Megan Meier, to suicide. (However, Lori Drew’s convictions were later thrown out.)
Today’s Birthdays: Actress Ellen Albertini Dow is 100. Impressionist Rich Little is 75. Singer Tina Turner is 74. Singer Jean Terrell is 69. Pop musician John McVie is 68. Actress Marianne Muellerleile is 65. Actor Scott Jacoby is 57. Actress Jamie Rose is 54. Country singer Linda Davis is 51. Blues singer-musician Bernard Allison is 48. Country singer-musician Steve Grisaffe is 48. Actress Kristin Bauer is 40.
Actor Peter Facinelli is 40. Actress Tammy Lynn Michaels Etheridge is 39. Actress Maia Campbell is 37. Country singer Joe Nichols is 37. Contemporary Christian musicians Randy and Anthony Armstrong (Red) are 35. Actress Jessica Bowman is 33. Pop singer Natasha Bedingfield is 32. Country singer-musician Mike Gossin (Gloriana Rock) is 29. Ben Wysocki (The Fray) is 29. Singer Lil Fizz is 28. Singer Aubrey Collins is 26.