TODAY IN HISTORY
Today is Friday, August 22, the 234th day of 2014. There are 131 days left in the year.
Today’s Highlight in History:
On Aug. 22, 1914, Austria-Hungary declared war against Belgium.
On this date:
In 1485, England’s King Richard III was killed in the Battle of Bosworth Field, effectively ending the War of the Roses.
In 1787, inventor John Fitch demonstrated his steamboat on the Delaware River to delegates from the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia.
In 1846, Gen. Stephen W. Kearny proclaimed all of New Mexico a territory of the United States.
In 1851, the schooner America outraced more than a dozen British vessels off the English coast to win a trophy that came to be known as the America’s Cup.
In 1910, Japan annexed Korea, which remained under Japanese control until the end of World War II.
In 1922, Irish revolutionary Michael Collins was shot to death, apparently by Irish Republican Army members opposed to the Anglo-Irish Treaty that Collins had co-signed.
In 1932, the British Broadcasting Corp. conducted its first experimental television broadcast, using a 30-line mechanical system.
In 1962, French President Charles de Gaulle survived an attempt on his life in suburban Paris.
In 1968, Pope Paul VI arrived in Bogota, Colombia, for the start of the first papal visit to South America.
In 1972, President Richard Nixon was nominated for a second term of office by the Republican National Convention in Miami Beach, Fla. John Wojtowicz and Salvatore Naturile took seven employees hostage at a Chase Manhattan Bank branch in Brooklyn, N.Y., during a botched robbery; the siege, which ended with Wojtowicz’s arrest and Naturile’s killing by the FBI, inspired the 1975 movie “Dog Day Afternoon.”
In 1989, Black Panthers co-founder Huey P. Newton was shot to death in Oakland, Calif. (Gunman Tyrone Robinson was later sentenced to 32 years to life in prison.)
Ten years ago: As shocked spectators watched, armed thieves stole one of four versions of the Edvard Munch masterpiece “The Scream” and a second Munch painting, “Madonna,” from the Munch museum in Oslo, Norway. (The paintings, visibly damaged, were recovered in August 2006; three men were convicted in connection with the theft and sentenced to prison.)
Today’s Birthdays: Heart surgeon Dr. Denton Cooley is 94. Broadcast journalist Morton Dean is 79. Author Annie Proulx is 79. Baseball Hall of Famer Carl Yastrzemski is 75. Actress Valerie Harper is 75. Pro Football Hall of Fame coach Bill Parcells is 73. Writer-producer David Chase is 69. CBS newsman Steve Kroft is 69. Actress Cindy Williams is 67. Pop musician David Marks is 66.
International Swimming Hall of Famer Diana Nyad is 65. Baseball Hall of Famer Paul Molitor is 58. Country singer Holly Dunn is 57. Rock musician Vernon Reid is 56. Country singer Ricky Lynn Gregg is 55. Country singer Collin Raye is 54. Actress Regina Taylor is 54. Rock singer Roland Orzabal (Tears For Fears) is 53. Rock musician Debbi Peterson (The Bangles) is 53. Rock musician Gary Lee Conner (Screaming Trees) is 52.
Singer Tori Amos is 51. Country singer Mila Mason is 51. Rhythm-and-blues musician James DeBarge is 51. Rapper GZA/The Genius is 48. Actor Adewale Akinnuoye-Agbaje is 47. Actor Ty Burrell is 47. Celebrity chef Giada DeLaurentiis is 44. Actress Melinda Page Hamilton (TV: “Devious Maids”) is 43. Actor Rick Yune is 43. Rock musician Paul Doucette (Matchbox Twenty) is 42. Rap-reggae singer Beenie Man is 41.
Singer Howie Dorough (Backstreet Boys) is 41. Comedian-actress Kristen Wiig is 41. Actress Jenna Leigh Green is 40. Rock musician Bo Koster is 40. Rock musician Dean Back (Theory of a Deadman) is 39. Rock musician Jeff Stinco (Simple Plan) is 36. Actor Brandon Adams is 35. Actress Aya Sumika is 34.