WASHINGTON — U.S. employers added 165,000 jobs in April, and hiring was much stronger in the previous two months than the government first estimated. The job increases helped reduce the unemployment rate from 7.6 percent to a four-year low of 7.5 percent.
The report today from the Labor Department was a reassuring sign that the U.S. job market is improving despite higher taxes and government spending cuts that took effect this year.
The government revised up its estimate of job gains in February and March by a combined 114,000. It now says employers added 332,000 jobs in February and 138,000 in March. The economy has created an average of 208,000 jobs a month from November through April — above the 138,000 added in the previous six months.
An additional 210,000 people started looking for work in April, and many of them found jobs.
“This is a good report,” said John Silvia, chief economist at Wells Fargo. “There’s a lot of strength. ... It’s good for the economy. It’s good for people’s income.”
The stronger job growth suggests the federal budget cutting “does not mean recession,” Silvia said. “It does not mean a dramatic slowdown.”
The unemployment rate has fallen 0.4 percent since the start of the year, though it remains high. The Federal Reserve has said it plans to keep short-term interest rates at record lows at least until unemployment falls to 6.5 percent.
The hiring last month was broad-based. The only sectors of the economy that cut jobs last month were construction and government.
Professional and business services, which includes high-paying fields such as accounting, engineering and architecture, added 73,000 jobs. Retailers added 29,000 and health care 19,000.
The average workweek for private-sector employees declined 0.2 hours to 34.4 hours, but average hourly earnings rose 4 cents to $23.87.
A total of 11.7 million were unemployed in April. Since January, the number has fallen by 673,000.
The number of people who have been unemployed for more than six months dropped 258,000 to 4.4 million. Over the past year, the number of long-term unemployed has declined by 687,000.
A fire overnight at the Labor Department’s headquarters shut down the building for most employees. Members of the news media were allowed in for the release of the jobs report.